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ChExpress

What you want to know....fast.

christa.jpg (5628 bytes) Chemical Industry News Editor Christa Semko
Every two weeks, Christa will bring you the latest chemical industry news from the U.S. and India.  If you have a press release that you'd like to share with us, please mail it to us through our online contact form here.

Dateline: June 13, 2006

News
Technically Speaking

North America

Protection against bird flu
DuPont has been asked by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to provide 75,000 DuPont Tychem disposable garments to be worn by USDA workers while handling infected game and poultry.  DuPont Tychem protects against a range of chemicals and is worn in a variety of industries including environmental cleanup operations, hazardous response and waste management.
Contract signed
Praxair and Pasadena Refining have signed a long-term agreement for Praxair to provide hydrogen to Pasadenaís Texas refinery starting next April.  The hydrogen will be supplied from Praxairís existing 310-mile Gulf Coast hydrogen pipeline system.
Oil sands feedstock to be used
Canadaís Nova Chemicals will use its first feedstocks from Albertaís growing oil sands industry for its ethylene plants there within two years.  Nova has already built a pipeline north of its Joffre, Alberta site, enabling it to capture propane and other feeds generated at the oil sands projects.
Expansion plans announced
The Bayou Companies is building a new $8 million, 50,000 square-foot Fusion Bonded Epoxy pipe coating plant in New Iberia, Louisiana.  The plant will be constructed by Louisiana contractors using Louisiana products and materials wherever possible as part of The Bayou Companiesí commitment to the rebuilding of the Louisiana economy following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.  The new plant floor will be 11 feet above sea level and designed for minimum down time in the case of flooding, incorporating electrical main control placement at 20 feet above sea level.  The plant will have the capability to coat two- through 24-inch O.D. up to 80 feet in length.  The plant will be designed to handle heavier pipe at speeds greater than currently possible in existing facilities.  The plant is expected to be operational by the end of 2006.  In addition, The Bayou Companies will increase and expand its concrete weight coating plants and facilities, and upgrade and automate its current large diameter coating plant.
Arrests made
Immigration officials arrested as many as 25 illegal aliens working as contract employees at a chemical production site in Memphis, Tennessee.  The arrests were part of an ongoing federal antiterrorism security campaign aimed at protecting critical infrastructure sites including airports, defense installations, shipyards and chemical plants.  Arkema, Dow and Lucite all have presence at the site, but it was not clear for whom the men were working.  Those arrested had used fraudulent documents and had made false statements to gain employment.
Regulations may be tightened
Canada is looking to tighten its regulation of the sale and handling of ammonium nitrate (AN) after a recent arrest of 17 terrorist suspects in Toronto.  The suspects were about to acquire 3 tons of AN, three times as much was used in the 1995 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma bombing the killed 168 people.  The Canadian Fertilizer Institute (CFI) is tightening its code of practice to better address security risks in Canadaís AN supply chain, but access for agricultural and industrial purposes will be maintained.
Specialty catlysts bulk up
W.R. Grace & Co. will bulk up in specialty catalysts, buying up assets to broaden and complement its product offerings in the fast-growing business.  The company recently acquired Basellís polyolefin custom catalyst manufacturing assets in Edison, New Jersey, and will integrate them into its Grace Davison silica and catalysts segment.

India

Urea production capacity increase
The Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative (IFFCO) will increase its urea production capacity from 37 lakh tons to 42 lakh tons.  The expansion is planned for the Phulpur and Amla plants in Uttar Pradesh.
Plant revamp
The Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative (IFFCO) will invest Rs. 100 crores for revamping the Paradeep plant in Orissa, which it took over from Oswals.  This investment is in addition to the Rs. 200 crore that has already been invested for revamping and Rs. 2,300 crores spent for the takeover.  The Paradeep plant will run at 100% capacity in early 2007 and is expected to product 15.75 lakh tons of fertilizer by the end of this fiscal year.

Titanium dioxide to be exported
Kerala Minerals and Metals Ltd. (KMML) is targeting exporting 18,000 tons of titanium dioxide pigment during the current fiscal year compared to the 12,000 tons exported in 2005-2006.  The company has heavy demand from overseas, especially from the United States, Germany, South Africa, China and Spain.
Targeting overseas acquisitions
Praj Industries Ltd., a global leader in setting up alcohol and ethanol plants, is looking overseas to further its operations.  Praj is looking to acquire small- or medium-scale engineering companies in the United States, Canada and European Union.
Gas plants
Praxair India will build two cryogenic air separation plants, each with a capacity of 700 tons/day to meet Tata Steelís gas requirements in Jamshedpur.  This is the second contract awarded by Tata Steel to Praxair for the supply of gas to the Jamshedpur steel plant.  The new plants will meet oxygen, nitrogen and argon requirements as well as the growing demand for liquid gases from customers in eastern and northern India.  The plants will be commissioned by early 2008.
Aluminum smelter
The Aditya Birla group company, Hindalco, has signed a deal with the Madhya Pradesh government for a Rs. 7,700-crore Greenfield aluminum smelter plant in Sidhi.  The Greenfield project entails putting up a 325 ton/year aluminum smelter, a 750-megawatt captive power plant and jointly owned captive coal mines.  The new plant should take at least four years to complete its first phase.  Aluminum for the smelters will come from the Utkal aluminum project in Orissa.
Investment
Aceto will build or buy a facility in India to house analytical laboratories, logistics and quality control and assurance.  This will expand Acetoís current Indian sourcing and regulatory staff of 10 to include graduate-level analytical chemists and pharmacologists.  In addition, the company formed Aceto Pharam, a wholly owned subsidiary, to market finished dosage-form pharmaceuticals, both chemical and biopharmaceutical, under its own brand.
Ethanol project planned
Reliance Industries plans to build an ethanol plant to meet its captive requirements as a feedstock to product mono ethylene glycol (MEG) and as a gasoline additive.  The company will produce 195 million/liters of ethanol/year at three multi-feed distilleries with a capacity of 65 million liters/year each.  In addition, it plans to set up three cellulosic distilleries with a capacity of 150 million liters/year each in the long run.  Bagasse, the biomass left behind after cane juice is extracted by sugar factories, will serve as a feedstock for the distilleries.  The plan also includes a bagasse-fired 90 mega-watt power generation capacity.  And, Reliance has proposed three sugar factories with the capacity to crush 10,000 to 12,000 tons of sugarcane/day.  These plants would also yield molasses, a distillery feedstock.    

Technically Speaking

What type of pump may be appropriate for a liquid near saturation, a low flow rate, and very limited NPSHa (net positive suction head available)?

This application is nearly perfect for a turbine regenerative type of pump. Factors that immediately identify your application and pump type are: the small flowrate, low NPSHa, and high temperature. The regenerative turbine was specifically developed for these conditions and one more: high discharge pressures. The high discharge pressure may not be necessary, but the regenerative turbine can give you a NPSHr of 0.5 feet with ease. They are particularly suited to saturated boiler feed water and your application is similar, albeit not in pressue. You can visit the site below to learn more about these types of pumps.

Source: Art Montemayor

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