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Butadiene Safety Issues

is 1 3butadiene low hazard?

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#1 process-man


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Posted 07 June 2016 - 06:33 AM

Dear all

We are to install few storage tanks of 1,3 Butadiene , the capacity of individual tank of which is 22 m3. Can anybody tell me what min distance we shall put these tanks away from Process Area? Moreover, in compliance with some references like OIA(oil Insurance Association)  or NIGC standards , this distance depends on whether or not the Butadiene can be considered as LOW hazard or HIGH hazard chemical. In fact, if Butadiene can be deemed a Low hazard chemical, the said distance will be 30 m. But if this chemical is a high hazard one, the said distance will have to be 75 m!!

Now I don’t know exactly if 1,3 Butadiene is Low or High hazard chemical. Any assistance?




#2 breizh


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Posted 07 June 2016 - 07:08 AM

Hi ,

Google "butadiene bleve" , this should help you .

Take a look also to MSDS .



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Edited by breizh, 07 June 2016 - 07:38 AM.

#3 process-man


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Posted 07 June 2016 - 08:03 AM

Dear breizh

Thank you for your respond. If you refer to attached table that I extracted from NIGC standard, there is a marked note that is :

“B. A high hazard process unit has explosion classification under petrochemical schedule of E-4 or E-5.”

I tried to get this classification table from internet , but without any success.

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#4 Pilesar


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Posted 07 June 2016 - 02:45 PM

Look for the NFPA hazard ratings. You can find that in the very useful manual breizh supplied. With a health rating of 2, flammability rating of 4, and reactivity rating of 2, butadiene is definitely a high hazard chemical.

#5 Zauberberg


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Posted 08 June 2016 - 01:00 PM

See attached Risk assessment report for Butadiene - in terms of effects on Human health and the environment.


As for the safe distance within a plant, you need to look at the risk tolerance criteria specified by your company or by local legislation. As I replied recently in another forum, you'll probably need a QRA study to calculate individual and societal risks, and then you will know if the assumed location/distance is acceptable or not. See example study for LPG depot and comparison of the actual risk results vs. legal requirements with regards to risk tolerance, at page 53 onward, at: http://www.epd.gov.h...azard/App7B.pdf


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