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Diked Area Around Distillation Column

distillation diked area

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#1 hysyshunter

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Posted 15 April 2024 - 02:46 PM

Hi, 

 

I was wondering if it is safe to have a diked area around a distillation column, this would be made of concrete, because the contents of the column is flammable and the column is susceptible to weather conditions like tornados due to the location of plant and the fact that the column is outside. I read online that diking shouldn't be used around a process unit because the products could pool and have unwanted exposure to the unit itself, but i have been told otherwise. 

 

anything would help thank you :)



#2 Pilesar

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Posted 15 April 2024 - 06:31 PM

Diking is usually used to contain spills of some kind. It is not usual to dike distillation columns unless there is an overriding safety or environmental concern that diking would resolve. I have seen where distillation columns were diked, but I think it more common to have process equipment within a curbed area that would route spills to a process sewer drain leading to an appropriate treatment system or at least to a separate containment basin a safe distance away from the process equipment. Fire protection guidelines may lead to some sort of full containment (dike) to reduce the hazard at nearby equipment. I don't like dikes in process areas and argue against them if there is any other reasonable alternative. In my opinion, dikes are more acceptable in storage tank areas.


Edited by Pilesar, 15 April 2024 - 06:32 PM.


#3 latexman

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Posted 15 April 2024 - 09:59 PM

Our process areas are curbed and drained to a remote spill basin, where aqueous layer can go to WWT and organic layer can be contained for disposition.

#4 fallah

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Posted 15 April 2024 - 10:25 PM

 

I was wondering if it is safe to have a diked area around a distillation column, this would be made of concrete, because the contents of the column is flammable and the column is susceptible to weather conditions like tornados due to the location of plant and the fact that the column is outside. I read online that diking shouldn't be used around a process unit because the products could pool and have unwanted exposure to the unit itself, but i have been told otherwise. 

 

anything would help thank you :)

 

Hi,

 

The solution for protection of a distillation column against tornados in a process area is a strong structure not having diked area around it and the diking is mostly considered in storage area where there are huge volume flammable liquids inside the storage tanks.



#5 shvet1

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Posted 15 April 2024 - 11:17 PM

Can you share the height of a wall intended to contain the spill you have calculated?

What is the problem if a spill goes to a sewer system (if any)? What are you trying to avoid by such design?


Edited by shvet1, 15 April 2024 - 11:18 PM.


#6 hysyshunter

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Posted 18 April 2024 - 05:20 AM

Can you share the height of a wall intended to contain the spill you have calculated?

What is the problem if a spill goes to a sewer system (if any)? What are you trying to avoid by such design?

Im not sure on the height intended, the tallest column i have is 30m, the problem im trying to avoid are potential damage to the columns from tornadoes, so when such an event happens the contents of the column can be drained. Im  also looking for a some literature with equations or corelations 



#7 shvet1

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Posted 18 April 2024 - 05:44 AM

The wall will protect columns from tornade, correct? Columns can be drained to what containment? Equiations for what?

Idea still is unclear.


Edited by shvet1, 18 April 2024 - 06:29 AM.


#8 breizh

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Posted 18 April 2024 - 07:52 AM

Hi,

My experience with a train of 12 distillation columns in China, is similar to the description provided by Latexman . The basin was 2000 m3 .

I get use to see dikes storage tanks, with partitions.

My 2 cents.

Breizh 






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