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Chemical and Process Engineering Resources

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Category: Heat Transfer Technology
Question: What factors go into designing the vapor space of kettle type reboiler?
Keywords: tube,shell,exchangers,heat,transfer,kettle,reboiler,vapor,space,design,considerations
Answer: The size of the kettle is determined by several factors. One factor is to provide enough space to slow the vapor velocity down enough for nearly all the liquid droplets to fall back down by gravity to the boiling surface. The amount of entrainment seperation to design for depends on the nature of the vapor destination. A distillation tower with a large disengaging space, low tower efficiency and high reflux rate does not require as much kettle vapor space as normal. Normally the vapor outlet is centered over the bundle. Then the vapor comes from two different directions as it approaches the outlet nozzle. Only in rare cases are these two vapor streams equal in quantity. A simplification that has been extensively used is to assume the highest vapor flow is 60% of the total. One case where this would cause an undersized vapor space is when there is a much larger temperature difference at one end of the kettle then the other. The minimum height of the vapor space is typically 8 inches. It is higher for high heat flux kettles. Source: Gulley Computer Associates