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# Nozzle Sizing Calculation

nozzle id nozzle calculation nozzle design

26 replies to this topic
|

### #1 BabRafiq1

BabRafiq1

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Posted 26 August 2022 - 05:09 AM

Dear members,

I'm designing a 3phase separator but unable to find information about ID calculation nozzles for gas and liquids. Any one can recommend any book, article or any thing of help.

Thanx,

### #2 breizh

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Posted 26 August 2022 - 07:38 AM   Best Answer

Hi,

Consider to study this resource .

Good luck

Breizh

### #3 Chemitofreak

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Posted 26 August 2022 - 08:48 AM

The mixed stream and gas outlet nozzles are sized based on Rho*V2 criteria. For liquid outlet use the velocity criteria

### #4 breizh

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Posted 26 August 2022 - 07:14 PM

Hi,

https://www.red-bag....sel-sizing.html

Breizh

### #5 Bobby Strain

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Posted 28 August 2022 - 09:45 AM

There is an error in the red-bag guide. The units are not SI but US units. Density is in lb/ft3 and velocity is ft/sec.

Bobby

#### Attached Files

Edited by Bobby Strain, 28 August 2022 - 11:41 AM.

### #6 breizh

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Posted 28 August 2022 - 09:17 PM

Hi,

Another reference , pay attention to the units system :

https://petrowiki.sp...eparator_sizing

Breizh

### #7 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 31 August 2022 - 09:41 PM

INLET NOZZLE SIZING

If no inlet device is used:

ρmv2m,in ≤ 1000 Pa

where ρis the mean density of the mixture in the feed pipe
ρm = (Qlρl + Qhρh + QGρG)/(Ql + Qh + QG

and vm,in is the velocity of the mixture in the inlet nozzle

vm,in = (Ql + Qh + QG)/(π d12 / 4)

If a half-open pipe is used as inlet device:
ρmv2m,in ≤ 1500 Pa

If a Schoepentoeter is used as inlet device:
ρmv2m,in ≤ 6000 Pa

GAS OUTLET NOZZLE SIZING

The diameter of the gas outlet nozzle should normally be taken as equal to that of the outlet
pipe, but also the following criterion shall be satisfied:

ρGv2G,out ≤ 3750 Pa

LIQUID OUTLET NOZZLES

The diameter of the liquid outlet nozzles shall be chosen such that the liquid velocity does
not exceed 1 m/s. The minimum diameter is 50 mm (or 2 inch).

Above criteria are from Shell DEP

### #8 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 31 August 2022 - 09:52 PM

Inlet nozzle velocity
It is a common practice to design the inlet nozzle based on the momentum (ρv2) of the entering fluid. The nozzle size depends on the presence of internals in the inlet nozzle.
The following guidelines are often used to size the inlet nozzle:

(ρv2)max inlet nozzle: no inlet device ≤ 1000 kg/ms2
half-open pipe inlet ≤ 1500 kg/ms2

Gas outlet nozzle velocity
As the gas outlet nozzle is not required to be designed for a two-phase flow, a higher momentum can be used for the design.
Normally, the following value is used:
(ρv2)max gas outlet nozzle: ≤3600 kg/ms2

Liquid outlet velocity
Liquid outlet nozzles are generally designed based on the liquid superficial velocity of 1 m/s.

### #9 Bobby Strain

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Posted 31 August 2022 - 11:09 PM

Shell has issued many updates over the years. And the criteria change. It would help if you also provide the year of the Shell Dep issue.

Bobby

### #10 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 08 September 2022 - 09:32 PM

2007 Edition

### #11 Bobby Strain

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Posted 08 September 2022 - 10:50 PM

I have both the 2004 and 2008 editions and both have the same values. But the values are not the ones you posted. The values are greater in both these editions. I note that the red-bag guide has the same values that you posted. I wonder where they all came from.

Bobby

### #12 breizh

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Posted 09 September 2022 - 12:12 AM

Hi Bobby,

extract from my edition January 2008 .

Breizh

### #13 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 01:48 AM

There are several criteria available in different references including Shell DEP, GPSA and books for nozzle sizing.

I'd rather use a slightly stringent criteria for nozzle sizes.

GPSA Section 7:

It  is  also  necessary  to  maintain  the  inlet  velocity  head,  J,  within proper limits for the selected inlet device to insure good gas distribution and minimum liquid shattering.

Where,J   =  (ρV²)

The maximum mixed phase velocity head range used in the industry guidelines varies for the different inlet devices. Some typical maximums are

4000-6000 max. typ, up to 10,000 max lb/ft sec2 for diffuser distributor

650-1500 max lb/ft sec2 for no inlet distributor

1000-2500 max lb/ft sec2 for inlet half pipe or elbow distributor

1000-2500 max lb/ft sec2 for v-baffle or other simple inlet diverter designs

In addition, some users limit the inlet vapor phase velocity to 30 ft/s or 60 ft/s. The velocity should always be below the erosion velocity for the service

From: Bahadori, A. (2014). Natural Gas Processing: Technology and Engineering Design. Netherlands: Elsevier Science.

See attached

### #14 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 01:51 AM

Thanks for pointing it out. I think I have an old version of DEP.

Don't know what you mean by red bag guide

There are several criteria available in different references for nozzle sizing. As long as these are properly referenced in a calculation and the basis is made clear, there should not be any issues.

I have both the 2004 and 2008 editions and both have the same values. But the values are not the ones you posted. The values are greater in both these editions. I note that the red-bag guide has the same values that you posted. I wonder where they all came from.

Bobby

### #15 Bobby Strain

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 09:39 AM

You can find the Red-Bag guide in the links at my website. While you are there, use the sample horizontal separator design program. The link is in the text body at the home page. It's probably better than anything you have used.

Bobby

Edited by Bobby Strain, 15 September 2022 - 12:47 PM.

### #16 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 02:14 PM

Thanks, I will check it out

You can find the Red-Bag guide in the links at my website. While you are there, use the sample horizontal separator design program. The link is in the text body at the home page. It's probably better than anything you have used.

Bobby

### #17 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 02:50 PM

@bobby - what is the criteria for de-rating of K used in your website calculations?

I am trying to see GPSA and another reference but don't get the same value as your website

You can find the Red-Bag guide in the links at my website. While you are there, use the sample horizontal separator design program. The link is in the text body at the home page. It's probably better than anything you have used.

Bobby

### #18 Bobby Strain

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Posted 15 September 2022 - 03:58 PM

I think what I use are the original factors from York. The demister is high capacity wire mesh here.

Pcorr = 1
K1 = 0.42
If PressOp > 35 Then _
Pcorr = 1 - 0.17 * System.Math.Log10(PressOp / 35)
If PressOp < 15 Then _
Pcorr = 1 + 0.45 * System.Math.Log10(PressOp / 15)
K1 = K1 * Pcorr
mesharea = CFSV / (K1 * SepFactor)  'area in sq. ft.

http://www.bobby-str...lSeparator.aspx

Bobby

Edited by Bobby Strain, 15 September 2022 - 04:15 PM.

### #19 james.corrobro@gmail.com

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Posted 22 September 2022 - 04:41 PM

Thanks, Bobby

I think what I use are the original factors from York. The demister is high capacity wire mesh here.

Pcorr = 1
K1 = 0.42
If PressOp > 35 Then _
Pcorr = 1 - 0.17 * System.Math.Log10(PressOp / 35)
If PressOp < 15 Then _
Pcorr = 1 + 0.45 * System.Math.Log10(PressOp / 15)
K1 = K1 * Pcorr
mesharea = CFSV / (K1 * SepFactor)  'area in sq. ft.

http://www.bobby-str...lSeparator.aspx

Bobby

### #20 Bobby Strain

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Posted 23 September 2022 - 04:16 PM

You can now access the sample separator from the menu. You don't need to register or login.

Bobby

### #21 Sangita

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Posted 09 February 2024 - 04:13 AM

INLET NOZZLE SIZING

If no inlet device is used:

ρmv2m,in ≤ 1000 Pa

where ρis the mean density of the mixture in the feed pipe
ρm = (Qlρl + Qhρh + QGρG)/(Ql + Qh + QG

and vm,in is the velocity of the mixture in the inlet nozzle

vm,in = (Ql + Qh + QG)/(π d12 / 4)

If a half-open pipe is used as inlet device:
ρmv2m,in ≤ 1500 Pa

If a Schoepentoeter is used as inlet device:
ρmv2m,in ≤ 6000 Pa

GAS OUTLET NOZZLE SIZING

The diameter of the gas outlet nozzle should normally be taken as equal to that of the outlet
pipe, but also the following criterion shall be satisfied:

ρGv2G,out ≤ 3750 Pa

LIQUID OUTLET NOZZLES

The diameter of the liquid outlet nozzles shall be chosen such that the liquid velocity does
not exceed 1 m/s. The minimum diameter is 50 mm (or 2 inch).

Above criteria are from Shell DEP

Hi

Can you share shell DEP for nozzle sizing.

### #22 shvet1

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Posted 09 February 2024 - 07:46 AM

https://www.cheresou...1757-shell-dep/

Edited by shvet1, 09 February 2024 - 07:47 AM.

### #23 latexman

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Posted 09 February 2024 - 08:44 AM

Hi

Can you share shell DEP for nozzle sizing.

Dear Sangita,

Please refer to #7 in the Guidelines / Rules for Posting, "7. Please refrain from attaching or linking to materials which clearly contain a copyright notification by the rights holder."  The same applies to proprietary material.  I've never seen Shell's DEP.  I don't know if it is copyrighted, but it is most probably proprietary and is covered by secrecy agreements before it is handed out.  So, if folks cannot attach or link to the Shell DEP, DON'T ASK FOR IT, or any other copyrighted, proprietary materials.  Thank you.

### #24 afaruque

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Posted 08 June 2024 - 03:43 AM

Greetings everyone. Can anyone explain to me the physical significance of "Density x Velocity^2" term? What does it actually mean and what is it called? Few places it is referred as momentum flux, is there any other term for it? Thank you for your time.

### #25 breizh

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Posted 08 June 2024 - 07:35 AM

Afaruque,

On youtube, search for Momentum flux equation with application.