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Ankur's_Chemical_Engg_Blog



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Pipeline Pig Launchers And Pig Receivers - Design Codes

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 19 November 2016 - * * * * * · 3,253 views
pipe, pipeline, pig, launchers and 1 more...
Pipeline Pig Launchers And Pig Receivers - Design Codes Dear All,

After a long hiatus I am back on my blog. That the blog has crossed a milestone of 1.5 million views is a huge encouragement and I wish to thank the readers of my blog for such an overwhelming response.

Pig Launchers and Pig Receivers have been discussed many times on "Cheresources". However, I understood that there exists a confusion regardin...


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Side Stream Filtration Rate For Cooling Towers

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 18 July 2016 - - - - - - · 3,903 views
side, stream, filtration, rate and 2 more...
Side Stream Filtration Rate For Cooling Towers Dear All,

Suspended solids (particulates or turbidity) are frequently found in cooling towers. At best these suspended solids will tend to settle out in low velocity areas of the water system (such as the cooling water basin) where they can become a breeding ground for bacteria, requiring frequent cleaning and flushing of the basin. At worst, they can de...


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Power Recovery Turboexpanders - Shaft Power Available

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 23 June 2016 - - - - - - · 3,372 views
power, recovery, turboexpanders and 1 more...
Power Recovery Turboexpanders - Shaft Power Available Dear All,

Commercial applications of high temperature power recovery turboexpanders use the expander to drive an air compressor which charges the process unit that produces the high temperature gas that expands to atmosphere across the turboexpander. The compressor/expander unit, together with its process unit, is therefore very similar to a special purp...


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Determining Potential Natural Gas Liquids (Ngl) In A Natural Gas Stream

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 04 June 2016 - - - - - - · 3,746 views
potential, ngl, natural, gas and 2 more...
Determining Potential Natural Gas Liquids (Ngl) In A Natural Gas Stream Dear All,

The amount of potentially recoverable NGL based from a natural gas stream can be estimated from the following formula:

Potential NGL component (tons per annum) = V*y*CF
where:
V = Volume flow rate of natural gas, MMSm3 /day (Std conditions are P= 1.01325 bara, T = 288.15K)
Note: MM= Million
y = mole percent of the component in natural gas
CF...


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First Approximation Of Fuel Gas Consumption For Gas Turbine Driven Compressor Station

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 14 May 2016 - - - - - - · 4,640 views
fuel, gas, consumption, turbines
First Approximation Of Fuel Gas Consumption For Gas Turbine Driven Compressor Station Dear All,

A lot of us are required to do preliminary utility estimation calculations during the Feasibility / Concept stage of a project. Another terminology often used is the Pre-FEED stage of a project. In fact this is often where non-availability of data or insufficient data becomes a bottle-neck. In such cases some minimum data with certain empirical...


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Solid-Liquid Mixing In Agitated Vessels (Just Suspended Speed)

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 08 April 2016 - * * * * * · 3,632 views
solid, liquid, mixing, agitated and 1 more...
Solid-Liquid Mixing In Agitated Vessels (Just Suspended Speed) Dear All,

Solid suspension and dispersion in a liquid is an important operation carried out in mixing systems. The primary objective of solid-liquid mixing is to create and maintain a solid-liquid slurry, and to promote and enhance the rate of mass transfer between the solid and liquid phases. Such processes are typically carried out in mechanically agit...


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In-House Software Validation - An Iso 9001 Perspective

Posted by ankur2061 , in Management 12 March 2016 - * * * * - · 2,790 views
software, validation, engineering
In-House Software Validation - An Iso 9001 Perspective Dear All,

Many of the engineers working in engineering consulting organizations know that a lot of in-house engineering calculation templates are utilized for equipment sizing, rating and other engineering applications.Many commercial software are also utilized in such organizations involving lease-and-license agreements with suppliers and developers of...


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Heat Transfer In Buried Liquid Lines (Stagnant Liquid)

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 13 February 2016 - * * * * * · 2,641 views
heat, transfer, buried, liquid and 1 more...
Heat Transfer In Buried Liquid Lines (Stagnant Liquid) Dear All,

My earlier blog entry on heat transfer in buried liquid pipelines related to temperature reduction of the flowing liquid at a certain distance from the pipeline inlet.

Let us think of a buried pipeline or pipeline section where the liquid flow has been stopped and the liquid is now in a stagnant condition in the pipeline or pipeline section. L...


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Natural Gas Teg Dehydration Unit Troubleshooting

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 22 January 2016 - - - - - - · 3,248 views
natural, gas, teg, dehydration and 1 more...
Dear All,

Today's blog entry is dedicated to my dear departed father who passed away to his heavenly abode on January 05, 2016. He was a man of literature and whatever little writing skills I possess, it was he who inspired and encouraged me. I guess, I inherited a bit of writing skills from both of my parents, my father being a poet and short-story writ...


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Heat Transfer In Buried Liquid Pipelines

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 14 December 2015 - * * * * * · 3,696 views
heat, transfer, buried, liquid and 2 more...
Heat Transfer In Buried Liquid Pipelines Dear All,

Today's blog entry relates to heat transfer from liquids flowing in long-distance buried pipelines. When liquids have to be transported at relatively high temperatures, e.g. viscous crudes/products, temperatures and cooling rates can be determined using the following formulae:



where:
TL = average temperature in cross-section of pipeline at...


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Deoiling Hydrocyclones And Their Performance Prediction

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 12 November 2015 - * * * * * · 3,259 views
hydrocyclones, deoiling and 2 more...
Deoiling Hydrocyclones And Their Performance Prediction Dear All,

Today's blog entry relates to liquid-liquid hydrocyclones used in produced water treatment in the oil & gas industry.

The static hydrocyclone has rapidly been accepted as a compact and efficient means of removing dispersed hydrocarbons from water. The basic design of the static hydrocyclone is illustrated schematically in the figure below:...


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Generalized Equation For Crude Oil Working Storage In Refinery Based On Various Factors

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 11 October 2015 - * * * * * · 3,778 views
crude, oil, working, storage and 1 more...
Generalized Equation For Crude Oil Working Storage In Refinery Based On Various Factors Dear All,

Refinery storage of raw materials (mainly crude oil) and finished products is a complex study and involves concepts of linear programming and Monte Carlo simulation. Refer the links below to know about these in context of raw material and product storage:

http://egon.cheme.cm...mannWassick.pdf

http://informs-si...


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Distance Between Mist Eliminator Top And Vapor Outlet Nozzle For Vertical Separators

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 04 September 2015 - - - - - - · 4,129 views
distance, mist, eliminator, top and 2 more...
Dear All,

Besides defining the Low-Low (LLL), Low (LL), Normal (NLL), High (HLL) and High-High (HHLL) liquid level based on criteria such as retention time, surge requirements for normal process control and adequate disengagement space during events such as large liquid slugs entering the separator or foaming, it is also important to define the vapor out...


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Pressure Drop In Fixed (Single Phase Tubular Packed) Bed Reactors

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical, Uncategorized 29 July 2015 - - - - - - · 3,849 views
pressure, drop, fixed, bed and 1 more...
Pressure Drop In Fixed (Single Phase Tubular Packed) Bed Reactors Dear All,

Today's blog entry relates to pressure drop in fixed bed reactors.

Let us examine the components that contribute to the calculated pressure drop in fixed bed reactors. The design pressure drop should consider a safety margin on the calculated pressure drop.

Bed Pressure Drop : For both gases and liquids this should be calculated based on the...


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Zeolite Based Molecular Sieve Adsorbents In The Chemical Process Industry

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 19 June 2015 - * * * * * · 4,010 views
zeolite, molecular, mol, sieve and 1 more...
Zeolite Based Molecular Sieve Adsorbents In The Chemical Process Industry Dear All,

Today's blog entry gives a brief overview of zeolite-based molecular sieves for physical adorption operations in the chemical process industry.

Since the 1960s, molecular sieve adsorbents have become firmly established as a means of performing difficult separations, including gases from gases, liquids from liquids and solutes from solutions. T...


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Skid Mounted Modular Mini Crude Refining Units

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 28 May 2015 - - - - - - · 3,681 views
skid, mounted, modular, refinery and 2 more...
Skid Mounted Modular Mini Crude Refining Units Dear All,

In remote crude oil drilling locations or where some value addition on the crude is required such as production of low cetane diesel (generally less than 40) and straight run naphtha with low first investment costs, skid mounted modular mini refining crude units are the answer.

Let us examine the advantages of a skid mounted modular unit:

1....


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Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient For Tank Heaters (Steam) Heating Hfo / Asphalt

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 29 April 2015 - * * * * * · 4,225 views
tank, heating, overall, heat and 3 more...
Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient For Tank Heaters (Steam) Heating Hfo / Asphalt Dear All,

Today's blog entry provides an equation for Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient for storage tanks handling Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) / Asphalt and provided with tank heating coils using steam as a heating medium.

If the heat loss rate Q (W or Btu/hr), from the tank is known, then the steam coil surface area can be calculated and thus the coil geometr...


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Safety Integrity Level (Sil) Definition And Brief Explanation

Posted by ankur2061 , in Management 29 March 2015 - - - - - - · 4,107 views

Dear All,

Most young process engineers have heard the term SIL but not got involved in what SIL is all about. In fact, there is a misconception among many younger process engineers that SIL is solely related to the advanced "Control & Automation" part of a process plant and process engineers need not get involved in a detailed SIL study or SIL review...


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Nit Warangal, Department Of Chemical Engineering Golden Jubilee Celebrations

Posted by ankur2061 , in For Students and Young Engineers 15 March 2015 - * * * * * · 2,813 views

Dear All,

It is heartening to note that the contribution of "Cheresources" to the global chemical engineering community is being recognized all over including academic institutions.

National Institute of Technology (NIT), Warangal, is one of the premier engineering institutes of India providing bachelors, masters and doctoral degrees in the field of eng...


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Requirement Of Adequate Ventilation In Process Areas

Posted by ankur2061 , in Technical 18 February 2015 - - - - - - · 3,118 views
ventilation, process
Requirement Of Adequate Ventilation In Process Areas Dear All,

Process Engineers normally are not directly involved in Heating, Ventilation, Airconditioning (HVAC) requirements of a Chemical Process Plant. HVAC engineering is a specialized branch of engineering and HVAC engineers normally involve themselves in system design for a chemical process plant. However, adequate ventilation is a matter of concern...






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