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Category: Equipment Design
Question: Are there any methods of preventing cracking of carbon steel welds in refining environments?
Keywords: v1i9,carbon,steel,cracking,weld,crack,hardness,nace
Answer: Where carbon steel is an appropriate material of construction, NACE (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) has issued the following standard:NACE RP0472, "Methods and controls to prevent in-service environmental cracking of carbon-steel weldments in corrosive petroeum refining environments." For welds where hardness testing is required, RP0472 give the following guidelines:A. Testing shall be taken with a portable Brinell hardness tester. Test technique guidelines are given in an appendix in the standard. B. Testing shall be done on the process side whenever possible.C. For vessel or tank butt welds, one test per 10 feet of seam with a minimum of one location per seam is required. One test shall be done on each nozzle flange-to-neck and nozzle neck-to-shell (or neck-to-head) weld.D. A percentage of helping welds shall be tested (5 percent minimum is suggested).E. Testing of fillet welds should be done when feasible (with the testing frequency similar to the butt welds).F. Each welding procedure used shall be tested.G. Welds that exceed 200 Brinell shall be heat treated or removed.Reference: Chemical Processing, May 2001
Links: National Association of Corrosion Engineers